Surgical Dentistry – Dental Implants
A dental implant is the artificial equivalent to the root of the tooth and it is placed through surgery on the jawbone to support a dental prosthesis , a crown or a bridge so as to replace lost teeth or teeth that technically cannot stay in the mouth .It is made of pure titanium , a material which is widely used in orthopedics in the well known blades and as a result it has been proved that it is biocompatible and clinically safe.A key to the success of implants apart from the surgical skills of the implantologist and the quality of implant is up to the appropriate study and choice if the dental case concerning the necessary bone presence.
For this reason before effecting any operation , a panoramic dental x-ray exam is necessary and quite often a dental computed tomography of the jawbone that will verify the existence of the appropriate bone basis to accept the implant .The placement procedure is simple fast and painless and can be effected in one session using a local anesthetic .It is effected by a well- experienced and a specialist implantologist and the use of top branded implants while stitches are often placed that can be removed within 8 to ten days .
The prosthetic procedure can be held either immediately or after 3 to 4 months according to the special needs a d characteristics of the patient.
This procedure has to do with the rebirth if the jawbone using a special technique so as to effect the placement of implants. Quite often the use and placement of transplant is needed so that the patient’s jawbone can accept the implant.
It is the surgical technique in which sinuses are lifted to make room for the upper jaw in order to place bone transplants and create the necessary bone substrate for dental implants to be placed.
Sometimes wisdom teeth don’t erupt at all after the time that they were supposed to have risen, but they remain buried in the jawbone so they are called impacted teeth. In other cases just a part of the wisdom tooth rises while the rest of it remains hidden in the jawbone so these are called semi- impacted teeth.
Many times wisdom teeth present certain problems either themselves or the surrounding gums due to the wisdom teeth’s place in the mouth creating problems in certain cases to adjacent teeth. Through a thorough study of the x-rays of the mouth area the dentist proceeds to the surgical extraction.
The procedure is effected in the least painful way using modern methods and appropriate materials so as to eradicate pain.
Cysts are often created on the upper or lower jaw and are full of fluid .They usually don’t stay in their initial size but they tend to grow damaging the bone.They can be formatted on their own or from sick teeth . Their treatment depends on their form and the time that the patient discovered their existence.
Their removal is effected either by a simple endodontic treatment or by tooth extraction if the cyst has grown significantly.
Depending on the case this procedure can be effected initially by opening the infected tooth in order ro relieve the patient immediately.Then, the damaged pulp must be removed from the inside of the tooth , the root canals must be cleaned and then sealed with fillings to prevent germs entrance .
In most cases the endodontic treatment is effected in one session and only if the inflammation has been extended beyond the tooth a temporary filling is done and antibiotics are prescribed until the inflammation retreats.In the next sessions there will be a dental sealing and through the appropriate conditions the root canal treatment will be maintained for years many years.